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New PDF release: When Freedom Would Triumph: The Civil Rights Struggle in

By Robert Mann

When Freedom could Triumph remembers the main major and encouraging legislative conflict of the 20th century -- the 2 many years of fight within the halls of Congress that led to civil rights for the descendants of yankee slaves. Robert Mann's complete research indicates how political leaders in Washington -- Lyndon Johnson, Hubert Humphrey, John F. Kennedy, and others -- reworked the ardent ardour for freedom -- the protests, marches, and inventive nonviolence of the civil rights flow -- into concrete development for justice. a narrative of heroism and cowardice, statesmanship and political calculation, imaginative and prescient and blindness, whilst Freedom may Triumph, an abridged and up-to-date model of Mann's The partitions of Jericho: Lyndon Johnson, Hubert Humphrey, Richard Russell, and the fight for Civil Rights, is a charming, thought-provoking reminder of the necessity for more suitable executive.

Mann argues that the passage of civil rights legislation is without doubt one of the most interesting examples of what sturdy is feasible whilst political leaders go beyond partisan political variations and concentration not just at the instant judgment of the electorate, but in addition at the final judgment of heritage. As Mann explains, regardless of the competition of a robust, made up our minds band of southern politicians led through Georgia senator Richard Russell, the political atmosphere of the Fifties and Nineteen Sixties enabled a awesome quantity of compromise and growth in Congress. while Freedom could Triumph remembers a time whilst statesmanship used to be attainable and development was once accomplished in ways in which united the rustic and appealed to our optimum rules, now not our basest instincts. even if the period used to be faraway from excellent, and its leaders have been deeply incorrect in lots of methods, Mann indicates that the mid-twentieth century used to be an age of bipartisan cooperation and willingness to put aside get together alterations within the pursuit of important social reform. this sort of political stance, Mann argues, is useful of analysis and emulation today.

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Extra resources for When Freedom Would Triumph: The Civil Rights Struggle in Congress, 1954-1968

Sample text

It did, however, mark the beginning of Johnson’s—and, ultimately, the nation’s—long but steady voyage across the great philosophical divide that separated states’ rights from civil rights. S. senators: Lyndon Johnson, Hubert Humphrey, and Richard Russell. Each a Democrat, they viewed the divisive issue through the prism of individual perspectives and unique personal experiences. Each had grown up immersed in politics; each the son of a father who served in elected office. At fifty-eight, Russell of Georgia was the oldest, having been elected to the Senate in 1932, after serving as governor and speaker of the state House of Representatives.

Johnson entered the Senate having never supported one civil rights bill. While his actions as a teacher, congressional aide, and New Deal administrator had demonstrated compassion for minorities, his voting record in Congress was “unblemished” by even one vote in favor of civil rights. He had voted against the antilynching bill in 1937 and again in 1940. In 1942, 1943, and 1945, he had opposed legislation to abolish the poll tax. In 1946 he had opposed an amendment to deny funds under the school lunch act to any state or school that discriminated on the basis of race.

Unlike many southerners, he did not base his opposition on any visceral hatred of blacks. Rather, he simply believed blacks were inferior to whites. ” Russell had supported many federal programs that provided economic and educational assistance to citizens of all races.  But unlike more-strident southern Democrats, Russell frowned on attempts to split the Democratic party over this one question. On most issues, he strongly agreed with the majority of his Democratic colleagues. As an ally and friend of President Franklin Roosevelt, he had supported 22 THREE SENATORS most New Deal programs.

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