By Robert Cottrell
Roger Nash Baldwin's thirty-year tenure as director of the ACLU marked the interval whilst the trendy realizing of the invoice of Rights got here into being. Spearheaded by means of Baldwin, volunteer legal professionals of the quality of Clarence Darrow, Arthur Garfield Hays, Osmond Frankel, and Edward Ennis remodeled the constitutional panorama. corporation police forces have been dismantled. Antievolutionists have been discredited (thanks to the Scopes Trial). Censorship of such works as James Joyce's Ulysses used to be halted. The Scottsboro Boys and Sacco and Vanzetti have been defended. the perfect of loose speech for communists and Ku Klux Klansmen alike was once upheld, and the principles have been laid for an finish to varsity segregation.
Robert Cottrell's amazing booklet recaptures the accomplishments and contradictions of the complex guy on the heart of those occasions. pushed, useless, frugal, and tempestuous, America's maximum civil libertarian was once at first additionally a staunch defender of Communist Russia, deferred to the U.S. executive over the internment of jap american citizens, and brazenly in demand J. Edgar Hoover and Douglas MacArthur. His own relationships have been both complicated. Spanning 100 years from the past due 1800s via Baldwin's loss of life in 1981, this riveting biography is an eye-opening view of the improvement of the yank left.
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Additional info for Roger Nash Baldwin and the American Civil Liberties Union
Baldwin then moved to “a really elegant pension” that housed about thirty people, including several other Harvard graduates. Baldwin, in turn, felt welcomed by Mary E. Buckley, the professional bookbinder who had helped to recruit him to St. 2 Baldwin continued to spend weekends in the country; indeed, his interest in the outdoors drew him to both the Linnaean Society and the Audubon Society. He often saw his childless aunt and uncle—his father’s youngest brother—who lived in a suburban home in Kirkwood.
He was particularly attracted to Denver’s Ben Lindsey, whom Baldwin considered a man of courage and a visionary selﬂessly devoted to children. ”30 From May 19 to 26, 1910, the 37th Annual Session of the National Conference of Charities and Correction met in St. Louis. ” Homer Folks spoke about the National Children’s Bureau, Louisville attorney Bernard Flexner discussed juvenile justice, Owen R. Lovejoy focused on the national child labor movement, and Paul U. Kellogg examined occupational standards.
Louis’s juvenile justice system, like Denver’s, became something of a model for judges and social workers across the country. The constant inﬂux of interested visitors resulted in changes in the municipal government as well. Judge Willis Brown, visiting from Salt Lake City, startled Baldwin and his colleagues by proposing that the juvenile court be abolished. The court, Brown reasoned, stigmatized the children who entered its chambers. Community welfare agencies could undertake preventative measures to handle wayward children.