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Read e-book online Identity Crisis: How Identification is Overused and PDF

By Jim Harper

The development of identity know-how biometrics, id playing cards, surveillance, databases, dossiers threatens privateness, civil liberties, and similar human pursuits. because the terrorist assaults of September eleven, 2001, calls for for identity within the identify of defense have elevated. during this insightful booklet, Jim Harper takes readers inside of id a approach all people makes use of on a daily basis yet few humans have ever considered. utilizing tales and examples from videos, tv, and vintage literature, Harper dissects identity techniques and applied sciences, displaying how id works whilst it really works and the way it fails whilst it fails. Harper exposes the parable that id can defend opposed to destiny terrorist assaults. He indicates U.S. nationwide identity card, created via Congress within the actual identity Act, is a negative technique to safe the rustic or its electorate. a countrywide identity represents a move of energy from members to associations, and that move threatens liberty, permits identification fraud, and topics humans to undesirable surveillance. rather than a uniform, government-controlled identity method, Harper demands a aggressive, responsive identity and credentialing that meets the combo of customer calls for for privateness, protection, anonymity, and responsibility. id may be a risk-reducing process in a social method, Harper concludes, no longer a rivet to pin people to governmental or monetary equipment.

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Extra info for Identity Crisis: How Identification is Overused and Misunderstood

Sample text

Public key cryptography is a newer, more complex, interesting— and grown-up—form of cryptography. In public key cryptography, one person has both a private key and a public key. He or she keeps the private key secret and makes the public key widely available. A message scrambled using the private key can be descrambled only by the public key. 5 Provided a person keeps his or her private key private, anyone who receives a message that can be descrambled using the corresponding public key can be certain that the message is from that person.

After all this, Odysseus deserved a break, a simple reunion with his faithful and patient wife. But it was not to be. His house was overrun with suitors. A band of men were eating his food and 35 IDENTITY CRISIS: HOW IDENTIFICATION IS OVERUSED AND MISUNDERSTOOD drinking his wine, hitting on his maidservants, courting his wife, and plotting against his son. Biding his time, Odysseus entered the house disguised as a beggar. The years had taken their toll, so he was recognized only by the small number of faithful servants who saw a characteristic scar on his knee—something you are—and by his son (who got help identifying him from the goddess Athena).

Today, we might characterize Odysseus’s wholesale slaughter of the interlopers as a slight overreaction, but this story is not recounted to illustrate proportionality in vengeance or criminal sentencing. ) Rather, the sweet reunion of Odysseus and Penelope shows the role that knowledge plays in identification. The ultimate proof of Odysseus’s identity was something he knew. 36 Something You Know Something you know is the second major category of identifiers. The possession of special knowledge—facts, lore, histories, codes, passwords, and the like—is a distinct type of identifier.

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