By Belinda Robnett
A compelling and readable narrative background, How lengthy? How lengthy? provides either a rethinking of social circulate concept and a arguable thesis: that chroniclers have egregiously ignored crucial leaders of the Civil Rights stream, African-American ladies, in want of higher-profile African-American males and white ladies. writer Belinda Robnett argues that the variety of studies of the African-American girls organizers has been underemphasized in want of monolithic remedies in their femaleness and blackness.Drawing seriously on interviews with genuine contributors within the American Civil Rights circulation, this paintings retells the flow as noticeable in the course of the eyes and spoken during the voices of African-American ladies contributors. it's the first e-book to supply an research of race, type, gender, and tradition as substructures that formed the association and final result of the circulation. Robnett examines the variations between ladies contributors within the move and provides the 1st cohesive research of the gendered kin and interactions between its black activists, therefore demonstrating that femaleness and blackness can't be considered as adequate signifiers for circulate event and person id. eventually, this publication makes an important contribution to social flow thought by way of delivering a very important knowing of the continuity and complexity of social hobbies, clarifying the necessity for various layers of management that come to fulfill diversified stream wishes. an interesting narrative background in addition to an incredible contribution to social circulation and feminist idea, How lengthy? How lengthy? will entice scholars and students of social activism, women's reviews, American background, and African-American stories, and to normal readers attracted to the perennially attention-grabbing tale of the yankee Civil Rights circulation.
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Extra resources for How Long? How Long?: African American Women in the Struggle for Civil Rights
The personal meaning of Black political discourse for an educated Black in the civil rights movement would differ from its personal meaning for a poor, illiterate Black sharecropper. The movement, while centered on emancipation rather than identity formation, found itself grappling with the task of forming shared political identities, but could not do so without cultivating change in personal identities as well. One could argue that the distinction between personal identity and political identity is irrelevant since the manifestation of a shared political identity and discourse sufficient for mobilization is all that is required.
Primary formal leaders of the secondary and bridge organizations had much to gain by maintaining their allegiance to this fraternal order. These leaders, such as Bob Moses, James Forman, and James Farmer, needed the legitimacy conferred by the primary organization and its leader in order to take part in negotiations with the state. Only in this way could they and their organizations be viewed as significant actors in movement politics. Women in any bridge leadership position could never have been accepted as primary formal leaders within the movement sector.
One could argue that the distinction between personal identity and political identity is irrelevant since the manifestation of a shared political identity and discourse sufficient for mobilization is all that is required. Yet ignoring the distinction obscures critical differences among movement participants that strengthened the ability to mobilize the movement and ultimately contributed to a decline in its momentum. '6 Rather, its final manifestation is an overlap between one's personal identity and the cultivated political identity of the movement.