By William S. Clayson
Led via the workplace of monetary chance, Lyndon Johnson's warfare on Poverty mirrored the president's trust that, simply because the civil rights move and federal legislation tore down legalized segregation, innovative executive and grassroots activism may perhaps get rid of poverty within the usa. but few have tried to judge the connection among the OEO and the liberty struggles of the Nineteen Sixties. concentrating on the original state of affairs awarded via Texas, Freedom isn't sufficient examines how the warfare on Poverty manifested itself in a nation marked by means of racial department and diversity--and via endemic poverty.Though the warfare on Poverty didn't remove destitution within the usa, the historical past of the hassle offers a different window to envision the politics of race and social justice within the Sixties. William S. Clayson lines the increase and fall of postwar liberalism within the Lone megastar nation opposed to a backdrop of dissent between Chicano militants and black nationalists who rejected Johnson's model of liberalism. The conservative backlash that is one other results of the dramatic political shifts published within the historical past of the OEO, finishing this research of a distinct part in Texas's old id.
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Additional resources for Freedom Is Not Enough: The War on Poverty and the Civil Rights Movement in Texas
26 The rhetoric of Martin Luther King Jr. exemplified the loyalty of postwar civil rights activists to these ideals. The goal of civil rights activism in the postwar decades was to make civic nationalist ideals a reality. In Texas, Mexican American civil rights activists in the postwar decades most clearly identified with the ideals of civic nationalism. Historian Mario Garcia dubbed the leadership of this period the “Mexican American generation,” a term that has come to describe the cohort of leaders who emerged from the struggles of the Great Depression and World War II.
Shriver’s team altered much of the original legislative package to attract votes in Congress. Title I established the Job Corps to develop job training centers for underprivileged youth, primarily from urban areas, as an expansion of Kennedy’s MDTA. Along with industrial training, the Job Corps would operate conservation camps, a nod to the still revered Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) of the New Deal period. Title II established CAP, an Adult Basic Education program, and Head Start. Title III set up rural poverty and Migrant Opportunities programs.
34 Many Establishment politicians, including Lyndon Johnson, made their careers by fostering federal spending programs in the state. Federal subsidies and the economic might of the Establishment kept Texas in the Democratic fold. The loyalties of the South began to wane in the postwar years, however, primarily because of the Democratic Party’s association with race issues. Franklin Roosevelt ducked making a firm commitment to civil rights for blacks but instituted limited programs during the Depression and the war to ensure their political support without alienating southern whites.