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By Francine Pickup

Violence, and women's worry of it, limits women's offerings in almost all spheres in their lives. It has long term, in addition to non permanent, outcomes on women's actual and emotional wellbeing and fitness. It detrimentally impacts women's skill to achieve an schooling, earn a livelihood, increase human relationships, and perform public actions, together with improvement courses. but improvement businesses were more often than not gradual to gain the centrality of the difficulty to their paintings. through addressing violence opposed to ladies, improvement employees visit the center of ways individuals of groups relate to each other and the way they may be able to form their very own lives.The first portion of the booklet examines the numerous assorted definitions of violence opposed to girls, and provides theories approximately why it occurs in all societies the world over. It discusses the present momentum round the factor, and asks why improvement organisations were gradual to take in the fight to finish violence opposed to ladies. the second one part makes a speciality of thoughts to counter violence opposed to girls and help the survivors. Case stories come from instances of peace and instances of armed clash. Sections recommend concepts for remodeling attitudes and ideology in several societies that condone such violence; for helping person survivors; and to make sure that governments and NGOs satisfy their accountability to guard girls.

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Extra info for Ending Violence Against Women: A Challenge for Development and Humanitarian Work (Oxfam Development Guidelines)

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They have nothing to do. They are looking for excitement. So they cause trouble. A man gets depressed over his wife’s success. It causes jealousy. At home, if the man is unemployed and his wife is employed he will be resentful. ’ (Hirschmann 1998, 235) Explanations from gender and development approaches Gender analysis of human development shows us that the root cause of violence against women is not psychological damage to individuals, or external economic or political factors. Rather, it lies in the unequal power relations between women and men, which ensure male dominance over women, and are a feature of human societies throughout the world.

Such approaches consider that this helps women’s psychological healing processes, and may also oblige others to offer support, and condemn the behaviour of the perpetrator. However, women may suffer from such approaches where their societies do not consider what they have experienced to be violence. A woman who no longer faces violence, but must live with its memory, may not welcome the additional pain caused by feelings of confusion or alienation from society, and rejection or stigmatisation. 2 The use of the emotive term ‘mutilation’ in the presence of women survivors, and the revulsion expressed by international activists who considered women who had undergone FGM to be ‘incomplete’ or ‘disabled’, appeared to be another form of abuse.

An intervention may be based 31 Ending Violence against Women on the adverse impact of violence on an individual woman’s ability to earn money for household survival, or on the impact on women’s ability to escape poverty through access to markets or productive assets. It does not address the inequitable gender relations of production within the household. 4. Efficiency: this approach is characterised by development interventions that understand economic development to be hampered by inefficient working relations between women and men.

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