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Cherisse Jones-Branch's Crossing the Line: Women's Interracial Activism in South PDF

By Cherisse Jones-Branch

“Combines a awesome volume of shut study with a deep figuring out of the position of gender within the making of the liberty fight. This ebook will carry a spot of honor at the becoming shelf of scholarship at the circulate in South Carolina.”—W. Scott Poole, writer of Monsters in the USA: Our old Obsession with the Hideous and the Haunting


“Rediscovering attention-grabbing black and white girls, Jones-Branch thoughtfully analyzes how they endeavored to alter South Carolina’s racial climate.”—Marcia G. Synnott, writer of The Half-Opened Door: Discrimination and Admissions at Harvard, Yale, and Princeton, 1900–1970



Although they have been acquainted with a segregated society, many girls in South Carolina—both black and white, either separately and collectively—worked to alter their state’s unequal racial establishment. during this quantity, Cherisse Jones-Branch explores the early activism of black girls in agencies together with the NAACP, the South Carolina innovative Democratic occasion, and the South Carolina Federation of coloured Women’s golf equipment. while, she discusses the involvement of white girls in such teams because the YWCA and Church girls United. Their agendas frequently conflicted and their makes an attempt at interracial activism have been usually futile, yet those black and white girls had an analogous target: to enhance black South Carolinians’ entry to political and academic institutions.

Examining the tumultuous years in the course of and after global struggle II, Jones-Branch contends that those girls are the unsung heroes of South Carolina’s civil rights historical past. Their efforts to move the racial divide in South Carolina helped set the basis for the wider civil rights flow of the Nineteen Sixties and 1970s.



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Extra info for Crossing the Line: Women's Interracial Activism in South Carolina during and after World War II

Sample text

And, some of the Winthrop YWCA members’ increased interest in racial activism and the likelihood of working with African American students, particularly males, did much to heighten the southern whites’ fears of any challenge to South Carolina’s racial hierarchy. 36 · Crossing the Line After much consideration, Winthrop College disbanded its YWCA and reorganized as the Winthrop Christian Association in September 1947. 134 It also meant writing a new constitution that excluded any references to racial harmony and focused instead on the less controversial benefits of Christian harmony.

During their World Day of Prayer in March 1943, members voted to give Christian literature to Native American students in government schools and to lend assistance to workers in migrant camps throughout the state. Simply affiliating with the national UCCW did not mean that the local chapters were prepared to implement its racial agenda. UCCW of Columbia did not actively welcome black women, and it addressed social issues primarily by providing funds for segregated institutions. 93 They also supported a day nursery at the college.

77 In 1942, when a black man suspected of assaulting a white woman was taken from a city jail in Sikeston, Missouri, and dragged through the African American district and then set on fire, a group of Methodist women wrote to Missouri governor Forrest C. 78 Ames worked closely with the SCCIC and often attended its annual meetings and corresponded with its members. 79 When she attended an interracial conference in Sumter in 1941, she angered local whites by pointing out their failures in front of an integrated audience.

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