By Olena Nikolayenko
The political outlook of youngsters within the international locations of the previous Soviet Union is important to their international locations’ destiny political improvement. This is particularly proper now because the first iteration with out firsthand event of communism firstly hand is forthcoming maturity. according to vast unique learn and together with new survey learn among children, this ebook examines younger people’s political outlook in international locations of the previous Soviet Union; it compares and contrasts Russia, the place authoritarianism has all started to reassert itself, and Ukraine, which skilled a democratic step forward within the aftermath of the Orange Revolution. The publication examines questions equivalent to: How supportive is that this new new release of the hot political order? What photographs of the Soviet Union succeed within the minds of children? How a lot belief does adolescence position in present political and public associations? Addressing those questions is essential to knowing the level to which the present regimes can continue to exist at the wave of public help. The e-book argues that Russian kids are inclined to position extra belief within the incumbent president and harbour extra regrets in regards to the disintegration of the Soviet Union than their friends in Ukraine; it demonstrates that teenagers mistrust political events and politicians, and that patriotic schooling shapes social and political values.
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Moreover, the 18 percent of ethnic Russians in the sample is a close match to the 17 percent of ethnic Russians in the country's total population. Notwithstanding some limitations, any political attitude patterns shared by these respondents are likely to be at least somewhat characteristic of Russian and Ukrainian adolescents at large. By the same token, a total of 40 students from Russia and 36 from Ukraine participated in semi-structured interviews. The interviewees were recruited from the pool of students who filled out the written questionnaires.
But a more sober finding is that almost one third of young citizens fail to develop positive attitudes toward the democratic political system a few years before reaching the voting age. In addition, there is a palpable danger that the presence of youthful indifference toward the regime type in their home country may boost support for an authoritarian ruler in exchange for socioeconomic stability. At this point, these interpretations have to be regarded as conditional. Taking the side of the optimists or aligning with more cautious observers of regional politics depends on a clearer understanding of what respondents mean by democracy.
The added value of this strategy is that it provides a leverage to gain a wider range of insights into the meaning of political support in post-communist societies. Nine hundred and twenty-five adolescents in Russia and 889 adolescents in Ukraine filled out a pen-and-pencil questionnaire. Approximately 300 respondents were recruited in each city. Within each city, three school districts have been identified for participation to ensure a representation of various social groups. The first school district, with an upper-class bias, is located downtown.