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New PDF release: Big Government and Affirmative Action: The Scandalous

By Jonathan Bean

David Stockman, Ronald Reagan's funds director, proclaimed the Small company management a "billion-dollar waste―a rathole," and got down to abolish the organisation. His scathing critique was once however the most recent assault on an employer larger often called the "Small Scandal Administration." Loans to criminals, executive contracts for minority "fronts," the type of yank cars as a small enterprise, Whitewater, and different scandals―the Small company management has lurched from one embarrassment to a different.

Despite the scandals and the coverage disasters, the SBA prospers and small company continues to be a sacred cow in American politics. a part of this sacredness comes from the agency's longstanding checklist of pioneering affirmative motion. Jonathan Bean unearths that even ahead of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the SBA promoted African American companies, inspired the hiring of minorities, and monitored the employment practices of personal loan recipients. lower than Nixon, the service provider multiplied racial personal tastes. in the course of the Reagan management, politicians wrapped themselves within the mantle of minority firm while they denounced quotas elsewhere.

Created by means of Congress in 1953, the SBA doesn't agree to conventional interpretations of interest-group democracy. even supposing the public―and Congress―favors small firm, there hasn't ever been a unified staff of small company vendors inquiring for the government's aid. certainly, the SBA frequently has didn't deal with the true difficulties of "Mom and dad" store proprietors, fueling the continued debate in regards to the agency's viability.

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Additional info for Big Government and Affirmative Action: The Scandalous History of the Small Business Administration

Sample text

Advocates of set-asides pointed to the disparity between the small business share of the private sector and its share of military contracts. Overall, small manufacturing firms received less than their comparable share of the private sector, but in half of all industries, the smaller firms were actually overrepresented in military procurement. There was no disparity in civilian procurement. 26 The nation's largest corporations suffered no loss of business; the set-aside burden fell upon firms that were large by industry standards yet small when compared to the business population as a whole.

16 The crash revealed serious structural problems in the program. It was evident that the SBA relied too heavily on low-interest loans to attract investors into the industry. Many SBICs, in turn, provided debt to small companies that needed equity investment. Although Congress had originally hoped to channel investment dollars through small SBICs to very small businesses, the diseconomies of scale made this impossible. The "minimum capital" SBICs could not afford the staff needed to evaluate prospects and advise companies.

46 The Kennedy administration's first major confrontation with corporate America involved the issue of small versus big business. In February 1961, Luther Hodges attacked the privileged position of the Business Advisory Council (BAC), a semi-official body made up of the nation's leading corporate executives. The BAC was a self-selecting body resembling a gentlemen's club of millionaire managers. The commerce secretary demanded the right to approve new members, open BAC meetings to the public, and add small business owners to the group.

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